### EE2353 HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING - Anna University Question Bank

Semester: VI
Year : IIIrd Yr
Department : B.E EEE
Subject Code : EE2353
Subject Name : High voltage Engineering
Type : Question Bank

ANNA UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED COLLEGES
BE EEE
SEMESTER VI
EE2353 - HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING
Regulation : 2008

UNIT – IOVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
2 MARKS
1. What is surge arrester?
2. Name the sources of switching surges.
3. What are the limitations of EHVAC transmission?
4. State the different types of over voltages occurring in power system and mention their magnitude.
5. What are the types of faults that may occur in power lines?
6. Define indirect stroke.
7. What is known as Isokeraunic Level?
8. Define Shielding Angle.
9. Define surge impedance of transmission line.
10. What are the techniques to be adopted for controlling the switching over voltages?
11. What are the causes of power frequency over voltages?
12. What are the causes of over voltages in power system?
13. Explain why a simple spark gap cannot offer full protection against over voltages.
14. What is insulation co-ordination?
15. Mention the different kinds of over voltages.
16. What is meant by switching surges? Mention the approximate magnitude of switching surges and their
frequency.
17. A transmission line of surge impedance 250 is connected to a cable of surge impedance 50 at the other
end, if a surge of 400 kV travels along the line to the junction point, find the voltage build at the
junction.
18. How can the tower footing resistance can be varied?
19. What are the advantage of valve type arrester?
20. What is counter poise wire? Give its use.
16 MARKS
1. Draw the cross sectional view of non linear resistor lightning arrester (valve type) and explain its
operation in detail and its V-I characteristics.
2. Discuss mechanism of lightning stroke and over voltages on transmission lines and give its
mathematical model.
3. Write short notes on:
(i) Rod gaps used as protective devices
(ii) Ground wires for protection of overhead lines.
4. Explain different theories of charge formation in clouds.
5. Explain different methods employed for lightning protection of overhead lines.
6. (i) Draw & Explain the procedure to draw Bewley Lattice Diagram for a two substations system .
(ii) Explain briefly about expulsion type arrester.

UNIT– IIELECTRICAL BREAKDOWN IN GASES, SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS
2 MARKS

1. What is tracking index?
2. Define Townsend’s first ionization coefficient.
3. What is trichel pulses?
4. What do you mean by ‘Intrinsic strength’ of a solid dielectric?
5. What is called composite dielectric?
6. State paschen’s law.
7. What is burst corona?
8. What is treeing and tracking?
9. Why are thermal breakdown stresses less in AC than in DC field?
10. Define uniform and non uniform field and give examples of each.
11. Define Gas Law.
12. Which insulation is used in high voltage circuit breakers of large power rating?
13. What is Time lag in the breakdown of dielectrics?
14. Define the following as applied to high voltage breakdown.
15. Define the following as applied to disruptive voltage.
16. What is meant by Townsend discharge and explain its main feature?
17. What are the different theories related with liquid dielectric breakdown?
18. Distinguish between insulators and dielectrics and give examples for each.
19. What are Meta stable atoms? How they are ionizing the gaseous dielectric medium?
20. Define formative time lag.
16 MARKS
1. Deduce the Townsend’s break down criteria. Also define the Townsend’s Primary and secondary
ionization coefficients.
2. (i) Explain clearly breakdown in non-uniform fields & corona discharges.
(ii) Explain breakdown in uniform field (streamer mechanism).
3. Explain the various theories of breakdown mechanism of vacuum.
4. State the criteria for sparking potential and hence obtain the relation between sparking potential and
(PD) values (Paschens law). Discuss nature of variation of sparking potential with PD values.
5.Explain the various theories of breakdown mechanism of commercial liquid dielectrics.
6.Explain the various breakdown mechanism involving in solid dielectricbreakdown

UNIT – IIIGENERATION OF HIGH VOLTAGES AND HIGH CURRENTS
2 MARKS

1. Give some uses of HVDC.
2. What are the applications of impulse current wave forms of high magnitude?
3. How are capacitances connected in an impulse current generator?
4. What type of wave form will be available in impulse current generator output?
5. Draw a circuit diagram of simple voltage doublers.
6. Write the expressions to find the optimum number of stages and % ripple in a voltage
Multiplier circuits.
7. Draw a simple Tesla Coil equivalent circuit for generation of high frequency A.C high voltage.
8. Write an expression to find the % ripple and % voltage regulation in a multi stage voltage multiplier
circuit.
9. Explain the superiority of cascaded transformer over two winding transformer.
10. An impulse generator has 10 stages with capacitors rated 0.15 μF and 150 kV per stage. The load
capacitor is 1000 pf. Find the front and tail resistance to produce an impulse of 1.2 / 50 μs
(approximate formula).
11. Define the specification of impulse voltage as per Indian standard.
12. What is the need for generating impulse currents?
13. What is a tesla coil?
14. What are the factors influencing the measurements using sphere gap?
15. Define the front and tail times of an impulse wave.
16. What are the advantages of marx circuit?
16 MARKS
1. What is the principle behind the electrostatic method of energy conversion? Explain the construction
and operation of vande graff generator with neat sketch.
2. Starting from basic marx circuit develop the circuit of modern multistage impulse generator and
explain its operation. Discuss significance of various parameters.
3. Explain the operation of simple voltage doubler circuit & Cockcroft -Walton voltage multiplier circuit
with expression.
4. Explain in detail about cascade transformer connections and resonant transformer to generate high
alternating voltage.
5.Explain in detail how the impulse current is generated using capacitor bank & also explain tripping &
control of impulse generators with Trigatron gap Arrangement.
6.(i) A ten stage Cockraft-Walton circuit has all capacitors of 0.04 μF. The secondary voltage of the
supply transformer is 120 kV at a frequency of 150 Hz. If the load current is 1.2 mA, determine (1)
voltage regulation (2) the ripple (3) the optimum number of
stages for maximum output voltage (4) the maximum output voltage.
7. A 12 stage impulse generator has 0.126microF capacitors .The wave front & wave tail resistance are
800 ohms and 5000 ohms respectively.For a load capacitor of 1000pF,obtain the front and tail times of
the impulse wave produced.
8.A 8 stage impulse generator has 0.12microF capacitors rated for 167 KV.What is the maximum
discharge energy ? If it has to produce 1/50 micro second waveform across a load capacitor of 1500 Pico
Farad ,find the value of front and tail timings

UNIT – IV MEASUREMENT OF HIGH VOLTAGES AND HIGH CURRENTS
2 MARKS

1. What are the general methods used for measurement of high frequency and impulse currents?
2. What is the high voltage d.c measurement techniques used?
3. For what measurement are Hall generators normally used?
4. What type of measuring devices is preferred for measurement of Impulse currents of short duration?
5. Draw the simple circuit of peak reading voltmeter and its equivalent.
6. List the factors that are influencing the peak voltage measurement using Sphere gap.
7. What are the advantages of CVT measurement in HVAC?
8. Why do we resort to statistical approach during breakdown due to impulse voltage?
9. State the demerits of CVT measurement for HVAC measurements.
10. What are high current shunts mention their design criterion?
11. Why are capacitive voltage dividers preferred for AC high voltage measurements?
12. Calculate the correction factors for atmospheric conditions, if the laboratory temperatures is 37°C, the
atmospheric pressure is 750 mm Hg and the wet bulb temperature is 27°C.
13. Explain the merits and demerits of analog and digital techniques used for high voltage measurements.
14. What are the general methods used for measurement high frequency and impulse currents?
15. What is Rogowski coil? Give its limitations.
16. What are the limitations of series resistance micro ammeter method?
16 MARKS
1. Explain measurements of very high voltages using sphere gaps. Mention merits and de merits of using
sphere gaps& also explain digital peak voltmeter & rod gaps.
2. With a neat sketch explain the principle of operation of an electrostatic voltmeter for HVAC
measurement. What are the merits and demerits?
3. Explain generating voltmeter for measuring high DC voltage.
4. What is CVT? Explain through phasor diagram how a tuned CVT can be used for HVAC
measurement in substations. & also expain series capacitor peak voltmeter.
5. Explain the methods of measurement of high frequency current.
6. Explain the methods of measurement of high impulse current.

UNIT – V HIGH VOLTAGE TESTING AND INSULATING COORDINATION
2 MARKS

1. What are tests conducted on insulators?
2. What are test conducted on Bushings?
3. Define withstand voltage.
4. Define impulse voltage.
5. Differentiate type test and routine test.
6. Define Disruptive discharge voltage.
7. What are the atmosphere correction factor and mention their influence in high voltage testing.
8. Explain the role of Bureau of Indian standards in high voltage testing.
9. Define insulation co- ordination.
10. What is the significance of impulse tests?
11. Name the different types of tests conducted on high voltage apparatus.
12. Explain the reasons for conducting wet tests on high voltage apparatus and give the specifications of the
water used for wet tests.
13. Define creepage distance.
14. Give the Indian standard reference atmospheric conditions for high voltage testing.
15. Define safety margin as applied to be insulation co-ordination..
16. What are the significances of power factor tests?
16 MARKS
1. With a neat sketch explain the impulse testing on the power transformer.
2. Discuss the various test carried out in a circuit breaker at HV labs.
3. What are the different power frequency tests done on bushings? Mention the procedure for testing.
4. Briefly discuss the various tests carried out the insulator.
5. What is meant by insulation coordination? How are the protective devices
chosen for optimal insulation level in a power system?
6. Explain the terms:
(i) With stand voltage
(ii) Flash over voltage
(iii) 50% flash over voltage
(iv) Wet and dry power frequency tests as referred to HV testing.
7. Explain the following terms used in HV testing as per the standards:
(i) Disruptive discharge voltage
(ii) Creepage distance
(iii) Impulse voltage
(iv) 100% flash over voltage.
8. (i) What are the tests conducted on circuit breakers and isolator switches?
Explain about any one of the tests.
(ii) What are different tests conducted on cables? Explain any one of them.
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